If you have a child with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), caring for them might be a challenging experience. The restlessness, interruptions, mood swings, fidgeting, and lack of focus might take a toll on your health as well. Fortunately, various therapies are capable of controlling or even getting rid of these symptoms.Book an Appointment
Common Types of ADHD Treatment
You can manage ADHD in children in two major ways: through medication and behavioral therapy. According to experts, medication is the best way of controlling the condition. It’s further categorized into stimulants and non-stimulants. ADHD occurs due to interference with the functions of neurotransmitters in the brain.
Medication helps by increasing the production of these neurotransmitters and helping them relay messages more effectively. Stimulants are fast-acting and generally more effective than non-stimulant medication. They include Ritalin and Adderall, which have been prescribed for decades. Non-stimulants such as atomoxetine are fairly recent options.
You should consider these therapies as your first option of treatment, especially if your child shows mild symptoms of ADHD. They include:
1. Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy (CBT)
Talk therapy aims to positively influence your child’s behaviors, thoughts, and feelings. By getting rid of negative thoughts, they can control some impulses and have higher self-esteem. CBT is also effective against other conditions such as depression and anxiety. Some children with ADHD also tend to have anxiety attacks, so this form of therapy helps treat more than one mental health issue.
2. Parent Management Training
PMT is one of the most effective ways to control your child’s disruptive behavior. It equips you with parenting skills that focus on positive reinforcement. These methods help in controlling hyperactivity, defiance, temper tantrums, lack of focus, and aggressive behavior. This process lasts months and requires tweaking as your child grows older. Positive reinforcement uses praise and rewards to encourage good behavior. You also learn to discourage bad behavior by withdrawing privileges.
3. Social skills Training
Does your child have a hard time getting along with his or her peers in social settings? The disruptive behavior that’s common with ADHD patients can be managed through social skills training. The first step involves determining the kinds of social problems your child faces. They’ll then learn appropriate ways of responding to various situations. Specific techniques include coaching, role-playing, watching videos of suitable social settings, and practicing conflict resolution. As with PMT, good behavior is rewarded while unwanted behavior is discouraged. Ultimately, your child learns to cope with frustrations associated with social interactions.
4. School Interventions
Children with ADHD have a hard time concentrating in school. You need to implement strategies that will help them succeed academically. Make sure they always know what’s expected of them in the classroom and school. This option includes time management techniques to ensure they never miss classes. They should also sit as far as possible from sources of distraction, such as windows and doors. Other strategies include rewarding good behavior, providing instant feedback on their actions, giving them breaks to prevent boredom, and creating flexible classroom rules.
Other than providing constant encouragement, teachers should also avoid overloading them with heavy workloads. Kids with ADHD do assignments more effectively if you break them into smaller, more manageable portions.Book an Appointment
5. Interpersonal Therapy (IPT)
Your child might not understand that some of their actions are wrong, even after you punish them. Although originally designed for adult patients, interpersonal therapy also works for kids, especially adolescents.
It helps them deal with issues arising from the death of a loved one, personal relationships, changes to their lifestyle, and social isolation. IPT theorizes that major life events influence moods and vice versa. Although it focuses on treating your child, you’ll attend some sessions as a way of addressing any relationship difficulties with them.
6. Brain Training
Also known as neuro feedback, this therapy utilizes brain exercises as a way of increasing concentration and preventing impulsive behavior. Your child learns to produce brainwave patterns that improve focus. He or she will perform an activity such as reading aloud while wearing a cap lined with electrodes. The cap transmits the results to a computer, which maps how the brain handles such tasks. Neurofeedback therapy is still undergoing research, with experts hoping in the future it will help with other aspects of ADHD.
7. Behavioral Peer Intervention
Hyperactivity and other actions related to ADHD result in social isolation for affected children. Their peers might shun them because they find them too disruptive or annoying. Since friendships play a positive role in a child’s development, it’s important to foster social interactions. Such strategies include mixing high performing children with average or underachieving counterparts. Teachers can also encourage them to mingle during lunch breaks and other social activities.Book an Appointment
Does your child exhibit ADHD symptoms? Getting them tested is the first step towards managing this mentally and socially restrictive condition. At EZCare Clinic, we offer various therapy options for ADHD and other mental conditions. Our premium facilities and highly qualified physicians ensure you and your loved ones receive the best possible treatment. Please book an appointment with us for a complete overview of our customized solutions.