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Childhood is a period filled with plenty of growth and changes. As children grow up, it is reasonable to see them restless and full of energy buzzing from one activity to another, hardly attentive.

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On other occasions, they will be daydreaming in class, coming home, and forget about chores and homework. Yet, what can be considered normal may, at times, be symptoms of a chronic condition ADHD.

What is ADHD?

ADHD is the more well-known name for Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder. It is a neurodevelopmental disorder that often appears early in life and often carries on into adulthood.

ADHD makes it difficult for the children to control their spontaneous responses, whether it is their speech, making them blurt out comments at inappropriate times. It also often makes them hyperactive and inattentive, which affects their ability to stay still and focus on one task until completion.

Children who have ADHD and who do not receive treatment struggle with various issues in vital areas of their lives. Such issues include self-esteem, performance in school, and difficulty in their relationships.

Symptoms for ADHD

The challenge of identifying ADHD is in separating normal behavior from ADHD symptoms. It is common for preschoolers and even teenagers to struggle with attention for long spans. At the same time, children by nature tend to have more energy, and some may have a higher activity level than others, which is natural.

The main ADHD difference with routine behavior, which is part of a child’s growth, is not confined to some situations. ADHD symptoms are present whether the child is playing, at school, or at home.

There are three main symptoms shown by children with ADHD;

 

Inattention

Children with ADHD have significant trouble staying on track and focusing and staying on track, especially when they find the task or subject repetitive and boring. They are likely to demonstrate the following behavior;

  • They struggle to pay attention and will often daydream
  • They do not seem to be listening
  • They get easily distracted when working or playing, especially when other things are going around
  • They tend to make careless mistakes and do not seem to consider details
  • They tend to avoid things and tasks that will demand continuous mental effort
  • Are often forgetful and tend to lode important things frequently
  • Do not follow through instructions
  • They have difficulty completing tasks
  • They experience difficulty in staying organized and planning.

 

Hyperactivity

Hyperactivity is one of the most obvious signs of ADHD, and while most children will demonstrate high activity levels when young, those with ADHD are always on the move jumping from one activity to the next.

Often, they seem to be doing several things at once, and even when forced to sit still will have finger drumming or their legs tapping. Some of the behaviors include;

  • They have difficulty staying seated whether at home, school, or other situations
  • They are frequently squirming and fidgeting
  • Tend to talk too much
  • They are ever in constant motion and will often be jumping, running, and climbing even when this is inappropriate.
  • They cannot play or do other activities quietly.

 

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Impulsivity

Impulsivity in ADHD children makes them struggle with self-control, and they hardly experience self-inhibition as other children do. Since they hardly censure themselves, ADHD children will often interrupt in activities and conversations, make tactless comments and observations, invade others’ personal space, and often ask personal or irrelevant questions.

Other behaviors they may exhibit as a result of their impulsivity include;

  • Acting or speaking without thinking
  • Struggle with having to take turns
  • Frequently interrupting others in conversations, play or work
  • Blurting out answers before being picked or waiting to hear the full question
  • Struggle with having to keep powerful emotions in check may make them temperamental and often cause tantrums and emotional outbursts
  • Prefer guessing solutions rather than thinking through problems.

 

ADHD symptoms
Common symptoms of ADHD are known among children

 

How is an ADHD diagnosis confirmed?

It is difficult to accurately diagnose ADHD in children under the age of four since children under this age develop and change rapidly. The average age for diagnosis of moderate is seven years. By the time children get to this age, those with ADHD will have stood out already in the three main symptoms.

To confirm an ADHD diagnosis, pediatricians follow a set of guidelines set by the American Academy of Paediatricians since there is no single test for the condition. The guidelines include;

  • The symptoms need to occur in two or more settings and should cause some impairment.
  • For children aged 4-17 years, six or more symptoms have to be identified.
  • For children 17 years or older, five or more symptoms should be identified.
  • The symptoms should cause significant impairment in your child’s ability to function in some of the daily life activities like performance in school, relationships with parents and siblings, relationships with friends, etc.
  • Symptoms start before the child gets to the age of 12 even though they may not be recognized as ADHD symptoms at the time until at an older age.
  • Symptoms have gone on for more than six months.

 

Children and ADHD
ADHD is common even in adulthood

 

 

Conclusion

Fortunately, there are treatment and coping strategies that, while it may not cure the condition completely, will help the children deal with and manage the symptoms and lead productive lives.

Early diagnosis and subsequent treatment of ADHD are vital for the success of the treatment plan. Therefore, early recognition of the symptoms is crucial.

 

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If you are worried about symptoms of ADHD in your child, you can find specialist help at EZCare clinic.

Our doctors are trained and experienced in figuring out the differences between ADHD and other health issues and are well placed to find the best treatment plan for your child.

Schedule your appointment online today or call us at (415) 966-0848

 

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If you or a loved one is struggling with Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), then you must know how challenging it is to navigate through life’s hurdles. While ADHD has no cure, there are accepted treatments that help to control the symptoms.

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There are several considerations to make before selecting the best treatment for an ADHD patient. Typically, the are three main ‘parties’ involved in making the decision, namely the patient, clinician, and caregiver. Your clinician will use three main factors to guide their decision:

  • Patient’s age
  • Severity and
  • Comorbidities (suffering from multiple health conditions)

Most health guidelines advise against giving medication to children below the age of six. This is because the side effects outweigh the benefits. Also, social and academic pressures are not as much compared to high school and college.

Generally, ADHD treatments fall under two main categories, namely:

  • Pharmacological(medication)– stimulants and non-stimulants
  • Non-pharmacological– cognitive therapy, behavioral interventions, and eTNS

 

1. Psychostimulants

Amphetamines (AMP) and methylphenidate (MPH) are the most widely used psychostimulants in the treatment of patients with ADHD. These two are also the most researched and overall, most effective medication.

Benefits are noticeable within the first hour of taking the medication and later after it has been fully metabolized. Typically, the benefits will last a year. However, dose modifications might be required to experience full benefits. Below are some of the commonly used stimulants:

 

Best ADHD medications
Best Medications for ADHD among children and adults

 

2. Non-stimulant Medicine

Non-stimulant medications are drugs that amplify the norepinephrine and catecholamine levels in an ADHD patient. These are chemicals in your brain that are responsible for memory retention as well as concentration. Typically, non-stimulants are a second-line option due to their reduced efficacy. Unlike stimulants that produce almost immediate benefits, these medications may take up to seven days for you to experience their full effect. This characteristic makes it challenging to decide on optimum dosage.

Several factors explain why some ADHD patients receive non-stimulant medication. These include:

  • Failure to respond to stimulants
  • Experiencing adverse side effects from stimulants
  • Stimulants are considered to be controlled substances, which are not only expensive but difficult to access
  • While there’s little evidence, there are fears of substance abuse disorders associated with long term stimulant use

There are five categories of non-stimulants, namely:

  • Antidepressants (Wellbutrin and Effexor XR)
  • FDA-approved ADHD medicine (Strattera and Intuniv)
  • Wakefulness-promoting medicine (Provigil)
  • Blood pressure drugs (Tenex and Clonidine)
  • Anti-viral medicine (Symmetrel)

Possible Side effects of stimulants and non-stimulants

It’s common for ADHD patients to report side effects of both medications. However, these effects tend to be more severe for stimulants. Some of these issues include:

  • Agitation
  • Loss of appetite
  • Insomnia
  • Headaches
  • Stomach upsets

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3. Therapies

Therapy is a non-pharmacological treatment that is recommended as an alternative to medication. However, for those with moderate-to-severe ADHD, these treatments are recommended as an add-on.

Psychotherapy

This form of therapy aims to help the ADHD patient cope with the issues affecting their relationship with their loved ones, peers as well as authorities. Psychotherapy also helps to address the negative thought patterns to make better decisions in the future. Experts recommend involving both the patient and family members to help improve bonds.

Behavior therapy

Behavior therapy/modification is meant to address negative behavior patterns and feelings, such as lack of self-control and esteem issues. According to the CDC website, this treatment works best when provided by parents. Parents should receive training by attending close to ten therapy sessions. The thinking behind this approach is that parents have the most significant impact on their children’s behavior.

Social skills training

This form of treatment is given to adolescents and children with the hope of improving their interpersonal relationships. This program pays particular attention to communication and problem-solving skills. Some of the techniques used to deliver these training include role-plays, coaching, and conflict resolution scenarios.

 

How to manage ADHD?
How to Manage ADHD at Home?

 

4. Behavioral Interventions to Practice Both at Home and in School

If your child has ADHD, then you may have noticed that they struggle with keeping things organized both at home and at school. Here are some of the useful interventions that parents can learn to practice.

  • Create simple house rules, such as no cursing or running.
  • Try to differentiate between healthy child inappropriate behavior and unhealthy ones. This will reduce the number of scuffles between you and your child.
  • Use clear directives. For instance, telling them to clean before dinner instead of saying, “you should clean up today.”
  • Create a routine. It would be best to post charts of the daily schedule one for when at home and the other for school days.
  • Utilize positive reinforcement. It’s essential to reward your child with ADHD whenever they follow the rules or accomplish something. This helps to build their self-esteem as well as promote good behavior.

5. Monarch™ External Trigeminal Nerve Stimulation (eTNS) System

Monarch™ eTNS is a novel treatment that received FDA approval in 2019. This approach is designed for use in children between the ages of seven and twelve. It is an electronic gadget that stimulates the brain’s fifth cranial nerve. Treatment is administered for eight hours while the child is asleep.

Studies show that it not only helps to reduce symptoms of ADHD but also other mental health conditions such as depression and PTSD in adults. Its benefits are similar to those offered by non-stimulants. Also, it offers a great option to patients that want to avoid medication. Despite the side effects such as appetite loss and headaches, eTNS is useful and also relatively safe.

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Conclusion

ADHD is a mental health condition that affects both children and adults. Several treatments are available for managing their symptoms. Each treatment option has its advantages and shortcomings. For this reason, experts may recommend a combination of treatments such as stimulants and behavioral therapy. Only a board-certified clinician can recommend the most effective treatment for you or your loved one who has ADHD. Our team at EZCare Clinic offers diagnostic services as well as FDA-approved treatment options. To learn more about our ADHD treatment options, book an appointment through our website, or reach us at (415) 966-0848.

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Are you always procrastinating things? Do you always struggle to meet a deadline? Are you always late for events or meetings? Then, there’s a high probability that you may be suffering from Attention Deficit Disorder (ADD). While the disorder is mostly associated with children and adolescents, it’s also present in adults. When you are suffering from ADD, you usually have a disconnect with time management. However, before we explore the effects of ADD on time management, let’s look at a term that’s often interchanged with ADD.

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Difference Between ADHD and ADD

Most people often use the two terms interchangeably especially because the symptoms are similar. From 1994, medics decided that ADD is a form of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). However, the two differ in certain ways. When one has ADD, they rarely manifest hyperactive behavior. The person may even be too shy or quieter than the others.

Common Symptoms of ADD in Adults

Most people with ADD don’t even know that they have the disorder. However, some of the signs of the disease include:

  • Impulsiveness
  • Poor organizational skills
  • Poor time management
  • Problems multitasking
  • Restlessness
  • Poor planning
  • Constant mood swings
ADHD and other health problems
Other Health Problems Associated with ADHD

 

How does ADD interfere with Time Management

Let’s now look at how ADD affects one’s management and perception of time.

  1. Poor planning – When an adult has ADD, they lack organizational skills. For this reason, they rarely plan for things that often lead to failure. Planning helps conform one to a specific time frame within which certain milestones have to be achieved. With ADD, disorganization is the order of the day which often delays the achievement of goals.
  2. Procrastination – The Now/Not Now effect is common with people suffering from ADD. They are always putting off things and intend to them at a later date. They rarely get things done and when they do, it usually during the last minute. This results in chaos and frustration. For example, a manager who has ADD may keep postponing writing the agenda for a meeting until minutes to the sit-down. Procrastination results in delayed completion of tasks or at times, complete failure to do the task.
  3. Poor time management – As mentioned earlier, people with ADD have a poor perception of time. Experts who commonly refer to this as ‘time blindness’ agree that the sense of time for such people is impaired. Often, such people are seen as lazy or rude for not keeping time. However, it’s a disorder that needs compassion and understanding.
  4. Easy distraction – People with ADD often get easily distracted which makes them poor time managers. For example, such a person may be having a date with a friend but somehow gets distracted by something and ends up showing up many hours late. It’s sad but it’s common with people suffering from this disorder.
  5. Underestimating time – Another effect of ADD is that the person often underestimates the time needed to complete a task. Doing so may make one not complete a task or trip on time since the time they set aside to do it was too little.

 

ADHD treatments
Effective Treatments for ADHD Patients

 

Time Management Tips for People with ADD

A person with ADD can try doing the following to help improve their time management skills:

  • Plan your day – One of the reasons why people with ADD fail to manage time properly is due to poor planning. However, writing down a to-do list before starting your day will help ensure that you follow through on things. You may struggle at the beginning but it gets easier as days go by.
  • Set timelines – Another great way of improving time management is assigning specific time periods to given tasks. To make it work, you may set alarms on your watch or phone, which helps you monitor the time spent on a particular task.
  • Prioritize tasks – In your to-do list, highlight three things that have to be achieved within a certain time period. Once you have marked these things, prioritize them. Such action will help you achieve much and ensures that time-sensitive tasks get done.
  • Take breaks – Working for extended periods of time reduces productivity. Therefore, to manage tasks and time better, it’s important to take breaks. The rest will improve both physical and mental efficiency.
  • Reduce clutter – Since disorganization eats into the time of people with ADD, it’s important to declutter as much as possible. Fewer things on one’s desks help ensure a clear mind which reduces the chances of getting distracted.
  • Delegate – Part of the reason why one keeps postponing to do things is that they take up too many things at the same time. When one has ADD, delegating will help get things done in a timely manner without feeling the pressure to finish them yourself.

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Conclusion

Proper diagnosis of ADD and ADHD will help one to improve their time management skills. In case you have any of the above symptoms, it’s time you consulted a physician.

At EZCare Clinic, we have qualified and professional doctors who will provide you with a proper diagnosis. Book an appointment today and start the journey of recovery from ADD.

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Emotional support animals follow their owners to areas that are off-limits to other pets. This is because they’re recommended as a treatment for mental afflictions like anxiety, depression, even PTSD. Not to be mistaken for service animals. The main distinction is its functions. Apply for ESA Letter Today! BOOK AN APPOINTMENT While ESAs are companions, service animals help their disabled handlers with duties such as answering the door, carrying medicine, and guiding their movement. ESAs don’t need extra conditioning like their service counterparts whose training ranges from heeling, proofing, and performing specific tasks. Another difference is their certification. Your disability should match the ADA description for your service animal to be recognized. Conversely, an ESA letter is provided by your therapist. How ESAs Improve Your Travel Experience By lifting your mood, support animals eliminate the need for anxiety medication on your journey. Pills may be effective, but you’ll still have side effects like fatigue and nausea. Furthermore, they act as distractions during long trips. Instead of worrying, your mind is occupied by the animal. The fact that you have another creature to care for besides yourself gives you purpose. They thought of bonding with your pet may make an otherwise reserved person crave for adventure. ESAs also spark conversations between strangers. This is especially true for moments packed with tension like turbulence. Travel Necessities for Your ESA Traveling with their handlers gives ESAs an edge over ordinary pets. If you think moving with an animal is stressful, try it with a mental condition. Here are some trip essentials regardless of your mode of transport. Things to pack while travelling 5 Things to Pack While Travelling 1. ESA Letter An ESA letter is mandatory for any support animal in a plane cabin. For the document to be valid, however, it must fulfill the following specifications. The letter is on your issuing therapist’s letterhead. You’re currently under a licensed professional’s care. The letter contains the license date, type, and issuing state. Your illness is found in the DSM. You need the ESA for the trip or destination. The document requires an annual update. Ensure you alert the airline beforehand. Initially, you could show up with your pet without an announcement. The rules have since changed with most carriers requiring a 48-hour notice. Again, check your destination’s guidelines regarding support animals. Not all countries allow ESAs from foreign lands. 2. Travel Crate Apart from transportation, a travel crate protects your furry companion from harsh conditions like snow and rain. You’ll have to train your ESA if they’ve never experienced a carrier. In the initial stages, don’t lock the crate with the animal inside. The idea is viewing it as a safe space instead of a punishment. Likewise, put the case in the room your pet spends most of their time. Putting treats in the cage or feeding them next to it will keep your ESA interested. You can add blankets and toys to give the container a homely feel when on the move. Similarly, secure the cage to the seat or hold it to prevent the ESA from shifting. While at it, ensure your support creature gets sufficient air to prevent suffocation. You can do this by ditching the layovers during summer and getting a container with better ventilation. Although they come in different sizes, some animals are too big for a carrier. That’s where leashes come in. Apply for ESA Letter Today! BOOK AN APPOINTMENT 3. Leash The crowds in airports and train stations are bound to stress your ESA. That’s why you need a leash to guide their movement and protect other travelers together with their belongings and animals from attack. But your pet isn’t the only cause of danger. For starters, your unrestrained dog might get run over if it wanders away in a bus station. It could also contract diseases after sniffing another animal’s droppings. Chains also make it easier to locate you in case your ESA gets lost. Most leashes include a tag for writing your identification details. Moreover, the restraint also makes your pet harder to steal. From resale and breeding to ransoms and fighting rings, animal theft is motivated by several reasons. Most importantly, the law demands you leash your animal. Games to play with dog How to Keep Your Dog Entertained on a Road Trip? 4. Bedding Repay your animal’s emotional support by keeping them comfortable. Though the airline can organize a special seat on request, your pup will be more settled in familiar bedding. If your pet doesn’t have a bed already, prioritize the quality of materials when shopping. Substandard fabrics are not only uncomfortable but also less durable. The size is also crucial. While a small bed will tire your ESA, a larger one is difficult to move. Even so, some models have straps and clips for portability. Surfaces that absorb moisture will develop an odor from the animal’s urine. This calls for a mild water-repelling spray. Apply for ESA Letter Today! BOOK AN APPOINTMENT At EZCare Clinic, we recognize the role of ESAs in your psychological wellbeing. We specialize in numerous areas, for example, addiction treatment, nutrition, cosmetic services, pain management, mental, and sexual health. You deserve to live free, reach us for an appointment today.