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Given that mental health receives more attention than any other disease, there is a need for everyone to understand various related ailments that affect them. Depression is well known as one of the common mental health problems that plague people today.

Depression comes with complex emotions associated with its symptoms. It causes sadness, frustration, unexplained anger, and to some extent, it lowers interest in certain activities.

There are two major forms of depression; unipolar and bipolar. Of the two forms, unipolar depression is the most common. It is usually because of the pessimism, passivity, decreased motivation, change in appetite, and a deep sense of sadness. All these characteristics best describe unipolar depression. But more information is needed to give a clear explanation of this ailment in detail.

Bipolar depression, however, portrays the opposite extreme in comparison to the unipolar depression. Oftentimes, it is referred to as the manic form. It is usually associated with euphoria and uncontrollable impulses. These two symptoms are linked to activities such as increased shopping or sexual promiscuity, among others.

Main Classes of depression medications
Main Classes of Anti-depressant Medications

The Need For Medication

Medication is particularly necessary to help relieve symptoms of depression. According to numerous studies on humans and animals, antidepressants can work by altering certain processes in the brain. The alteration of such processes is geared towards reversing patterns that normally occur when an individual is under depression.

Most of these processes are linked directly to the production of serotonin, dopamine, and noradrenaline. All these chemicals play a critical role in determining the moods or behaviors of a person.

Medications come in handy to help patients show positive responses. This is because they can improve behavioral patterns and symptoms among those suffering from depression.

But there is a great concern about the use of medication shortly after a season of treatment. Patients are more likely to experience a relapse when the symptoms start to pop up again. But this does not imply that this type of medication is ineffective when it comes to the treatment of depression.

Practice guidelines emphasize more on the importance of medication, especially among those who had previously experienced chronic depression.

Perfect examples of such medication include:

  • Mood stabilizers for the treatment of unipolar depression (mania)
  • Antidepressants, which is useful in treating depression or anxiety

The Need for Cognitive Therapy

Cognitive therapy comes in handy as a perfect alternative to medication. This form of therapy is mainly adopted on the assumption that depression can be triggered by the ingrained negative beliefs, which may include repetitive or habitual negative thoughts.

The cognitive therapy model states that where these patterns (ingrained negative beliefs) are corrected, there is a decreased risk of recurring symptoms. Studies suggest that cognitive therapy is equally effective in reducing acute distress, just like medication. But studies are yet to find substantial evidence on this claim.

Possible Limitation of Medications

  • For most people, medication is more likely to cause side effects that are detrimental to their wellbeing. Some have discovered that a great number of antidepressant medications tend to influence suicidal thoughts and behaviors among those taking them. As such, if cognitive therapy comes out to be successful, then it would be the ultimate solution to this problem.
  • Some people are also skeptical about the use of medication because it may cause a relapse. So their hope remains in cognitive therapy.
Cognitive Therapy benefits
Benefits of Cognitive Therapy

Possible Limitations of Cognitive Therapy

With cognitive therapy, the main limitation is finding a skilled and knowledgeable therapist. In many cases, this remains a difficult task for many patients. Several reasons contribute to this problem which includes:

  • There are unscrupulous people online who take advantage of the situation to deceive desperate patients. Such people use the current cutting-edge technology and widespread internet to pose as professionals in this subject matter. To be on the safe side, patients should question the expertise of those who come forward claiming to be good therapists.
  • Seeking for a professional therapist could also be difficult due to the shortage or absence of people with such knowledge. As a result, medication becomes the only available option for those struggling with depression.
  • Finally, certain individuals cannot respond to any therapy, including cognitive therapy. For that reason, they must turn to medication as the only option.

Final Thought

Both medication and cognitive therapy have their positive sides as well as their weaker sides. Therefore, these types of treatment are, in most cases, combined to provide maximum results.

A combination of medication and cognitive therapy can easily and quickly provide positive results. This means that a patient can still go for cognitive therapy sessions while on medication.

In the end, patients can benefit from both sides, if medication and cognitive therapy are geared towards the treatment of depressive disorders. However, the best option should be for the patients to consult a professional psychologist or mental health expert for advice.

If you’re finding yourself a healthcare professional that can set you on the right track. Book an appointment with EzCare Clinic to get help from one of a kind healthcare professionals.

EzCare Medical Appointment
EzCare Medical Appointment

 


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A significant percentage of smokers will express there desire to quit at least once in their lifetime. Despite the desire to stop, some individuals may keep smoking to avoid the effects of withdrawal. Other individuals carry on with the lifestyle to enjoy the rewarding aspects of smoking cigarettes.

How smoking cessation can be helpful
Facts about smoking cessation

Whatever the case, tobacco intake can cause dependence. Addiction makes it harder to quit. Tobacco/nicotine addiction is not specific to any age group. There is no evidence that a particular age group is more susceptible to tobacco dependence. Whether you are an adolescent or a senior citizen, you can develop a dependency on nicotine.

Smoking cessation therapy offers several short-term and long-term health benefits. To highlight a few benefits, this therapy reduces the risks of throat and mouth cancers. It also lessens the risk of pancreas and heart diseases. Smoking cessation therapy could reduce the risk of impotence and boost your chances of pregnancy.

So, what is the best smoking cessation therapy?

There is no full-proof approach to smoking cessation therapy. Depending on an individual, some methods could be more effective than others. In many cases, it takes a lot of determination and consistency to overcome tobacco dependence.

In this article, we shall discuss some of the methods that can help you kick the habit. Below are several treatment methods that make smoking cessation therapy.

Behavioral Therapies

Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT)

Cognitive Behavioral Therapy is a technique with strong physiological ties. The CBT aims at identifying the behavioral patterns and thoughts that promote nicotine dependence. CBT does more than helping you overcome tobacco dependence. This therapy also enables you to heal several emotional health issues. These issues could be depression, anxiety, eating disorders, mood disorders, and many more.

CBT entails working with a professional therapist who will help you identify the triggers of your nicotine cravings. In many cases, these triggers have a relationship with stress and internal pressure. Through therapy, you can learn how to deal with these triggers.

CBT empowers you by building confidence to kick the habit. This behavioral therapy also teaches you practical ways to fight your urges to smoke. For the best result, we combine CBT with medication.

Medication

Nicotine Replacement Therapy (NRT)

Nicotine is a substance that can cause dependence. If you attempt to quit tobacco, you may develop some withdrawal symptoms. To cope with the effects of withdrawal, a Nicotine Replacement Therapy is effective. In this therapy, we provide your body with the nicotine it craves, but in fair amounts. Instead of cigarette sticks, you get patches, chewing gums, lozenges, inhalers, or sprays.

These replacement options help you stop smoking while reducing the symptoms that come with withdrawal. The therapy also promotes focus on the psychological aspects that relate to nicotine dependence.

Health Benefits of Smoking Cessation
Health Benefits of Smoking Cessation

Bupropion

Buproprion is effective against depressive disorders. The Zyban brand of Bupropion is quite effective against nicotine cravings. More often than not, nicotine withdrawal could lead to episodes of depression. An antidepressant like Bupropion could be helpful in such cases.

This therapy works differently from nicotine replacement techniques. However, it reduces nicotine dependence as well as the symptoms of withdrawal. Technically, it treats the body as well as the mind. The drug suppresses your cravings for nicotine while reducing your chances of developing depression.

Varenicline (Chantix)

Another drug that is quite effective for smoking cessation is Varenicline. This drug first got its license in December 2006. Chantix works by imitating the effect that nicotine has on your body.

Nicotine attaches to receptors in your brain and spurs the stimulation of this part of the brain. Varenicline can mimic this effect. Through this mode of action, you can suppress your cravings for nicotine as well as fight the symptoms of withdrawal.

Several studies have found this drug as an effective tool in the fight against dependence. While varenicline works for certain individuals, it is essential to point out that it takes a lot of determination to achieve the best results.

Take the First Step and Stop Smoking

Smoking is an easy habit to start but a hard one to break. There are many success stories that you can draw inspiration. Because smoking is a behavior that you learn, psychologists believe that it is possible to unlearn the vice.

Smoking cessation involves different therapies. For the best results, we combine cognitive-behavioral therapies and medication. For some, success comes naturally. For others, it takes several failed attempts and a lot of determination to kick the habit. Smoking cessation therapies depend on the individual.

If you or anyone you know is considering quitting smoking, seek professional advice. At EZCare Clinic, we have the resources that can help you through your journey. Our doctors will help you achieve your smoke-free goals. Call EZCare Clinic today, book an appointment, and let us discuss your options.

EzCare Medical Appointment
EzCare Medical Appointment

 

 

 


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Intravenous (IV) therapy has gained a lot of popularity recently as celebrities, and the internet publicizes IV vitamin treatments. It is not a new concept. You may recognize it as a drip line, or only as an IV line.

What is Intravenous Therapy?

Types of Intravenous Therapy Treatment
Types of Intravenous Therapy Treatment

IV therapy is the injection of fluids directly into a person’s bloodstream using an IV line system. The drip line connects to a delivery catheter that is injected into the patient’s vein. In the form of fluids, medicine, nutrients, and other essentials are injected directly into the patient’s bloodstream.

Intravenous therapy is a quicker and more efficient alternative to oral medication. It takes time for oral medicine to show its effect as it first has to pass through the digestive system. In contrast, IV therapy gets the medication into the bloodstream, where it goes to the heart in a split second. The heart then pumps the medicines to all the organs and tissues that need it in seconds.

Intravenous Therapy Treatment Setups

IV therapy is applicable through a variety of setups. The setups vary in terms of factors such as placement and purpose. The most common IV setups include:

  • Peripheral Lines

Peripheral intravenous lines (PIVs) are attached to peripheral veins, which run directly beneath the skin in the arms, hands, legs, and feet. This is the most common setup as peripheral veins are easy to locate. Peripheral lines are applied for relatively mild conditions.

  • Central Lines

Central intravenous lines are attached to the central vein, which runs along the torso beneath the smaller veins. The CIV’s catheter is advanced through the top-surface veins until it reaches the central vein, which can be either the superior or inferior vena cava.

Central lines are used in cases where the medicine administered may damage the weaker peripheral veins. Central veins have thick walls, a larger diameter, and faster blood-flow speeds. To this end, central veins support the delivery of multiple medications simultaneously, which is not possible with peripheral veins.

This setup is also used in cases where the peripheral veins are difficult to locate, as is often common in drug users. They are also preferable over PIVs for long-term treatment since they do not easily come off.

  • Tunneled Lines

One of the potential side-effects of IV therapy is a bacterial infection at the point of the catheter’s entry. Tunneled lines minimize this risk by reducing contact between the blood vessels and foreign materials. The delivery tube is inserted directly under the skin and then passed some distance before reaching the central vein.

Other IV therapy setups include implantable ports, midline catheters, and peripherally inserted central catheters (PICCs). Each structure has a particular purpose relative to the patient’s overall condition.

Benefits and Uses of Intravenous Therapy

Uses of Intravenous Fluid Therapy
Purposes of Intravenous Fluid Therapy

IV therapy has a wide range of uses. It also has more benefits compared to alternative treatment methods. Its main advantage, as highlighted earlier, is the fast delivery of medicine in cases where urgent care is necessary. Its other benefits and uses include:

  • Exchange Transfusions

Blood transfusion has helped save millions of lives so far, thanks to the use of IV therapy. Many exchange transfusions are enabled by IV therapy.

Jaundice in newborn babies was fatal before the 1950s. Physicians started using IV therapy as an effective solution to jaundice. IV therapy helps get rid of the excess bilirubin in an infant’s blood system by draining some of the blood out and replacing it with healthy blood. Jaundice now doesn’t pose much of a threat.

  • Maintaining Homeostasis

Homeostasis entails a balanced internal body environment. This means that elements such as hormones, nutrients, fluids, and other essentials are not only sufficient but also balanced.

This is not always possible, especially in cases whereby the patient is incapacitated. For example, patients in a coma cannot eat food, but their bodies still need nutrients to stay alive. IV therapy is used in such cases to maintain homeostasis.

  • Supporting Overall Wellness

IV therapy has become increasingly popular beyond hospital walls, as mentioned, because of its increased use by celebrities. Celebrities are praising the effects of IV vitamin treatment, which involves the injection of vitamins, minerals, and other nutrients directly into the bloodstream. This has caught the masses’ attention and, consequently, IV vitamin treatment services are growing in demand.

IV therapy is also used as an emergency remedy for extreme hangovers. Water is injected into the patient’s bloodstream through the IV line for hydration. It quickly alleviates the sickly feeling of a hangover, mostly caused by dehydration from excessive drinking.

You Can Rely on IV Therapy

IV therapy has helped improve medical practice. It is one of the fastest and most efficient forms of treatment therapies. Intravenous therapy delivers life-sustaining substances, including medicine and nutrients, directly into the bloodstream even when the patient is incapacitated. It is a reliable form of treatment.

If you’re seeking consultation or thinking of taking the IV therapy, book an appointment with EzCare Clinic for exceptional services.

EzCare Medical Appointment
EzCare Medical Appointment

 


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