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Adult ADHD Diagnosis

Adults who seemed to sail through school with little or no issues and upon entering college or the workforce find that they have problems they’ve never experienced before may have adult ADHD. While most individuals are diagnosed during adolescence, there are some high functioning individuals who, through coping techniques, managed to mask their symptoms until later in life. Often these individuals are shocked when faced with what many falsely believe is a childhood or immaturity condition. Unfortunately, ADHD can be a life-long struggle to fit in or just to be able to complete the duties that come with your chosen profession. 

What is ADHD?

Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder or ADHD is a neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by a persistent pattern of inattention, hyperactivity, and impulsivity that interferes with functioning or development. While an estimated 60% of children diagnosed with ADHD still have recognizable symptoms into adulthood, some can work through those issues and develop effective coping techniques that make their symptoms appear to go away. Additionally, adults that seemingly had their condition under control can find themselves dealing with a whole new set of problems once they enter the workforce and encounter a larger or more complex set of duties. As many can see, ADHD is a complicated and somewhat tricky condition to manage. Thankfully, several effective treatment methods can be used to help get adults back on track and boost their confidence.

Symptoms of Adult ADHD

One of the first steps in treating any disorder is to identify the symptoms that are causing concerns. ADHD is often easy to diagnose in children. In adults, it can be more complicated. While the core symptoms are the same from childhood to adulthood, the way they are manifested can be quite different and often confused for something else altogether. 

Common symptoms:

Inattention

  1. Makes careless mistakes and lack attention to details
  2. Difficulty paying attention to tasks
  3. Fails to follow through on duties or is easily sidetracked
  4. Difficulty organizing
  5. Avoids or is reluctant to participate in tasks that require sustained mental effort
  6. Often loses things
  7. Forgetful
ADHD SYMPTOMS
Common Categories Of ADHD Symptoms

Hyperactivity

  1. Talks excessively
  2. Acts as if on the go constantly
  3. Unable to participate in leisure activities

Impulsivity

  1. Extreme restlessness
  2. Difficulty waiting on others or taking turns

Typically, hyperactivity decreases, but inattention, disorganization, and impulsivity in adulthood can result in difficulty functioning both at home and while at work. The symptoms of ADHD must be severe and cause significant impairment in multiple areas of an individual’s life before a diagnosis is made.

Treatment options

Adult treatment of ADHD usually consists of medication and psychosocial treatment that addresses the particular problems of the patient. Although some individuals choose one method over the other, the most effective treatments utilize a combination approach. 

Medications used to treat ADHD are divided into two groups:

  •  Stimulants 
  •  Non-stimulants

Generally, long-acting stimulants are recommended because they usually result in better patient compliance and seem to improve symptoms easier. Unfortunately, stimulant medications do have a higher risk of abuse and dependency, so they should be used with caution. Although stimulants control ADHD symptoms better in most patients, approximately 10-30% do not respond adequately to stimulant treatment or have intolerable side effects. For those patients, non-stimulants are the best treatment option. 

Side Effects of ADHD medication
ADHD Medication Side Effects

 

Side effects

Depending on if the medication prescribed is a stimulant or non-stimulant will determine what kind, if any, side effects are possible. However, both can cause the following to occur:

  • Dizziness
  • Dry mouth
  • Headaches
  • Loss of appetite
  • Moodiness
  • Tics
  • Difficulty sleeping

For a better understanding of the possible side effects, speak with your doctor or pharmacist.

ADHD Diagnosis and Treatment

The first step to any recovery program is a proper diagnosis. Because of several other conditions, such as anxiety disorder, diabetes, bipolar disorder, and several others, can mimic the symptoms of ADHD, it is essential that patients have a proper evaluation. Generally, practitioners will do a complete physical and rule out other conditions that could be exacerbating your symptoms. 

Once a diagnosis of ADHD has been made, your provider should discuss your treatment options, including medications and therapy. While some individuals may shun seeking the help of a counselor, others found their advice to be beneficial. Most often, patients choose both treatment options.

At EzCare Clinic, patients struggling with the symptoms of ADHD have access to the best treatment options available. Once you have begun your medications, you will be accessed periodically for their effectiveness, and changes will be made as necessary. Experienced counselors are on staff that can work with you to learn coping techniques with proven success. Being diagnosed with such a complex and confusing disorder so late in life can be overwhelming, our therapists are dedicated to ensuring a smooth transition and that a successful treatment plan is implemented.

Take the ADHD test here and find out if your symptoms may be signs of ADD/ADHD.

 

EzCare Medical Appointment
EzCare Medical Appointment

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Are methylphenidates safe for ADHD treatment?

Methylphenidates are a type of medication that is sold under various names such as Ritalin, Daytrana,or Concerta. It is a central nervous system stimulant that affects certain chemicals in the brain and nerves that contribute to hyperactivity and impulse control. Methylphenidate is used to treat attention deficit disorder (ADD), Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and narcolepsy.

History of methylphenidates

Methylphenidate was made in 1944 and finally approved by the FDA for medical use in 1955. As one of the oldest ADD and ADHD medications still in use today, methylphenidate is considered to be the gold standard, first-line of treatment by many physicians. 

Methylphenidate (Ritalin, Concerta, or Biphentin)Overview
Methylphenidate Overview

What is ADHD?

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder affects between 4-7 million children and 9-13 million adults in the United States. Although it is still a widely misunderstood condition, the amount of money that is spent on treatment, research, and education per year is estimated to be in the millions. With all that money for research, we now know more than ever about this condition. 

ADHD is a brain disorder marked by an ongoing pattern of inattention, hyperactivity, and impulsivity that interferes with functioning or development. Characteristics include:

  • Easily distracted and missing details
  • Get bored quickly
  • Trouble focusing on a single task
  • Difficulty organizing thoughts and learning new information
  • Daydreaming
  • Process information slowly and less accurately than others
  • Difficulty following directions
  • Lack of patience
  • Interrupting others or not able to take turns

Unfortunately, scientists still do not know what causes ADHD, but they theorize that there may be several things that could contribute to its development, including brain injury, environmental exposure to toxins, alcohol and tobacco use during pregnancy, premature delivery, and low birth weight. Despite popular misconceptions, ADHD cannot be cured; rather, through a series of therapy and medications, the symptoms can be managed. 

ADHD Diagnosis

Unfortunately, diagnosing ADHD isn’t simple in either children or adults. Most children have symptoms before age 7. However, despite the disorder always being present, some adults are not diagnosed until much later in life, typically after high school and college. For these patients, they were able to mask the symptoms during their youth due to their high level of functioning. Later, when work or their home life has become more complicated than ever, symptoms arise. 

ADHD can also share symptoms with other disorders such as depression, anxiety, and certain sleep issues. Before making a diagnosis, most doctors will conduct testing to rule out different ailments. According to the American Psychiatric Association, a person must show at least six of the nine major symptoms of inattention and hyperactive-impulsive behavior and that the behaviors must be present and disruptive to everyday life for at least six months to be diagnosed. 

ADHD Treatment

Treatment for ADHD is typically a combination of behavioral therapy and medications. In adults, doctors may recommend therapy before starting any medicines, depending on how severe it is and the ways it affects everyday living. Occasionally, patients can learn coping techniques and time management skills needed to lessen the symptoms. However, for many patients, the medication must also be included in the treatment plan. 

Medications typically are one of two types, stimulants or non-stimulants. While both can be effective, stimulant medications are usually the first choice because they are fast-acting. Approximately 70% to 80% of patients who are treated with stimulant medications have fewer symptoms while taking them. Methylphenidates is a stimulant medication. 

Occasionally, patients can not use stimulants either because of other health issues or because they do not like the way they make them feel. These individuals are then prescribed non-stimulants. Unfortunately, these do not work as quickly to relieve symptoms, but they can last up to 24 hours.

Methylphenidate (Ritalin,Concerta,Metadate) for children
Methylphenidate for children

Methylphenidate Side effects 

As with any medication, methylphenidate use can cause side effects. While this is not a complete list, some of the more common ones seen are:

  • Mood changes, feeling nervous or irritable
  • Insomnia
  • Fast heart rate, increase blood pressure
  • Loss of appetite, weight loss
  • Nausea
  • Stomach pain
  • Headache

Conclusion

ADHD can be a difficult diagnosis for anyone, especially adults who may not have been diagnosed during adolescence. Thankfully several medications can help alleviate the symptoms it causes. Methylphenidate has been a staple of ADHD treatment since the 1950s. It is safe and effective and often the first choice in treatment. 

For patients who wish to seek treatment in the San Francisco area, EZCare Clinic is open seven days a week from 11 am to 7 pm. The knowledgeable practitioners will review your medical history and rule out any other ailments that could be causing similar symptoms. If appropriate, EZCare can prescribe methylphenidate as part of your treatment regimen. On staff, there are also clinicians who can offer counseling and coping techniques to aid in your recovery. Don’t let the symptoms of ADHD overwhelm you, call today. Appointments are appreciated, but walk-ins are welcome. 

EzCare Medical Appointment
EzCare Medical Appointment

 

 


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Adderall XR

ADHD and Symptoms

How do you know if you have ADHD? First, you have to look at whether you have the most common symptoms. These include feeling like you can’t just be in one place all of the time, as well as the need for distractions or other forms of stimulation. Maybe you’ve been feeling restless, and you can’t focus like you normally would. Or perhaps you have always been this way, and you just never got around to getting evaluated, or you have become accustomed to it. In any case, it is not so unusual for adults to have ADHD, though it is fairly diagnosed in childhood. Those thinking they may have ADHD would want to get in touch with a medical doctor so that they can be properly looked over. This way, you will know whether you actually do have the disorder, and you can work towards a treatment that works best for you.

ADHD AND NARCOLEPSY SYMPTOMS AND COMPARISON
ADHD AND NARCOLEPSY OVERVIEW

Narcolepsy and Symptoms

Would you know if you had narcolepsy? More than likely, since the signs pertaining to it are much more obvious. While you might feel tired and fatigue ridden, these are minor compared to falling asleep at various points throughout the day. Narcolepsy is perhaps most famous for being a disorder that has people falling asleep at the wrong moments, such as during a meeting or when socializing, you know. The location does not matter, as the disorder will have you falling asleep (or be close to falling asleep) whenever the affliction hits you. As you might happily expect, there are treatments to narcolepsy that can be sought out.

You might be wondering why ADHD and narcolepsy were both brought up in the same conversation. That’s because they can both be treated with one very special form of medication: Adderall. EzCare Clinic is able to help you get evaluated and assist you with the different options you have, including medication. Our licensed physicians will be able to help you determine whether something like Adderall would be best for you or not.

What is Adderall XR?

Adderall is an amphetamine that uses a combined make-up to help your brain stay focused by going through your central nervous system and providing your brain some much-needed stimulation. It can be used for those suffering from symptoms related to both ADHD and narcolepsy, which means it can keep you alert, focused, and even more active mentally, but in a way that helps you.

ADDERALL XR (Extended Release Medicine)- Important Checks
Adderall XR( Extended-release) Important Checks

How Adderal XR Helps?

For those with ADHD and narcolepsy, drugs like Adderall can be life-changing and provide them with a sense of relief that they have never had before. It can be refreshing and beneficial to be able to stay focused on something or to not be on the verge of falling asleep at the wrong times. For these reasons and more, a lot of people look at Adderall as a necessary part of their lives. But this can also be a problem, as drugs like Adderall have been known to be taken advantage of.

Adderal XR -Dosage and Abuse

It’s not difficult to take the low dosage prescribed and think you need more; the request for either more or a higher dosage is one doctor is quite familiar with. So while amphetamines can be helpful, they can also be abused. Be sure to consult with your doctor about the possibility of being dependent on Adderall, especially if you think you have addictive personality traits.

Side-effects of Adderal XR

Let us not forget the associated side-effects of Adderall. Among them include:

  • Weight loss
  • Blurred vision,
  • Fatigue,
  • Dry mouth
  • Sexual dysfunction

Due to everyone being different, the way the drug affects you varies. Nevertheless, it’s important to understand the very real and potential unintended effects that taking Adderall can give you.

How Does Adderall XR Works?

Those who may be suffering from ADHD tend to have a low concentration of something known as dopamine. This is a neurotransmitter that works within the brain’s reward center, which allows us to have the motivation to do the things that we do. Enjoy eating a meal, having a refreshing drink, or having sexual intercourse? The brain center is what helps us want to do certain things so that we may be rewarded. Dopamine is a major player in this center, so when it’s lacking, your brain is having trouble staying focused because it is in desperate need of attention.

This is where Adderall comes in; it confronts any dopamine you may have and stimulates with the brain’s receptors, allowing the brain to release dopamine the way it regularly should. You then become much more distracted internally, which, in a way, scratches that itch you’ve been craving, which then allows you to stay more alert and focused.

How Long Does Adderall XR Take to Kick In?

Adderall XR (extreme release) is a much more intense version of the more basic IR (immediate-release). Where each dose of IR last for a few hours and must be taken throughout the day, XR should only be taken once per day because one dose lasts for around 12 hours. Due to its strength and potency, you should only ever take Adderall XR once every 24 hours. The higher intensity of XR also extends to how long it can sit within your body. One dose can essentially rest for a full day; it will not completely leave your system until a few days have passed.

Since Adderall XR is much stronger than traditional IR, you should consult with your physician if it is right for you or not. He/she will be the one who will be able to clear you for Adderall in general, and from here, you will be able to figure out which form of Adderall is best.

If you think Adderall XR would be right for you, contact EZCare Clinic so one of our licensed medical professionals can look you over thoroughly. We can help you better understand any symptoms you may have and present the different possible options that can work best for you. You can set up an appointment by calling us or visiting our appoints webpage. Set up an appointment today and get the relief you deserve!

EzCare Medical Appointment
EzCare Medical Appointment

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